May 31, 2012 § Leave a comment
[An abridgement of his original work entitled, “Uddat as-Sâbireen wa Dhâkirat by TaHa Publications]
The Definition of Patience
What scholars have said about patience
Abu ‘Uthman said: “the one who has patience is the one who has trained himself to handle difficulties.“
‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman al-Makki said: “Patience means to keep close to Allah and to accept calmly the trials He sends, without complaining or feeling sad.“
Al-Khawwas said: “Patience means to adhere to the rules of the Qur’an and Sunnah.”
Ali ibn Abi Talib said: “Patience means to seek Allah’s help.”
Is it better to have patience at a time of difficulty, or to be in a situation which does not require patience?
Patience in the Qur’ân
Imâm Ahmad said: “Allâh has mentioned patience in the Qur’ân in ninety places.”
1. Instruction. Patience in enjoined upon believers:
“And be patient for your patience is but by Allâh…” (an-Nahl 16:127).
“Now await in patience the command of your Lord…” (at-tûr 54:48).
2. That which is opposite to patience is forbidden:
“…and be in no haste about the (unbelievers)…” (al-Ahqâf 46:35).
“So lose not heart nor fall in despair…” (Al ‘Imrân 3:139).
“…and be not like the Companion of the Fish (i.e. Yûnus [AS]) – when he cried out in agony” (al-Qalâm 68:48).
3.Patience is made a condition of success and prosperity:
“O you who believe! Persevere in patience and constancy; vie in such perseverance; strengthen each other; and fear Allâh; that you may prosper” (Al ‘Imrân 3:200).
4. The rewards of those who exercise patience will be doubled:
“Twice will they be given their reward, for that they have persevered…” (al-Qasas 28:54).
“…Those who patiently persevere will truly receive a reward without measure!” (az-Zumar 39:10).
Sulaymân ibn Qâsim said that the reward of every deed is known, except for the reward of patience, which will be like heavy rain.
5. Patience and îmân are prerequisites for leadership in religion:
“And We appointed, from among them, leaders, giving guidance under Our commands, so long as they persevered with patience and continued to have faith in Our Signs” (as-Sajdah 32:24).
6. Patience is the way to earn the companionship of Allâh:
“…and be patient and persevering: for Allâh is with those who patiently persevere” (al-Anfâl 8:46).
Abû Alî ad-Daqqaq said: “People who have patience are the true winners in this world and the next, because they have the companionship of Allâh.”
7. Allâh will reward those who have patience with a threefold reward: blessings, mercy and guidance:
“…but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere – who say, when afflicted with calamity: ‘To Allâh we belong, and to Him is our return’ – they are those on whom (descend) blessings from their Lord, and Mercy and they are the ones that receive guidance” (al-Baqarah 2:155-7).
When people came to offer their condolences to one of the salaf, for some calamity that had befallen him, he said:
“Why should I not practice patience, when Allâh has promised those who have patience three rewards, each of which is better than this world and everything in it?”
8. Patience is a means of seeking Allâh’s help:
“…seek (Allâh’s) help with patient perseverance and prayer…” (al-Baqarah 2:45).
So whoever has no patience has no help.
9. Patience and taqwâ are conditions for Allâh’s help and support:
“Yea – if you remain firm, and act aright, even if the enemy should rush here on you in hot haste, your Lord would help you with five thousand angels making a terrific onslaught” (Al ‘Imrân 3:125).
10. Patience and taqwâ are a great protection against the cunning of enemies:
“…But if you are constant and do right, not the least harm will their cunning do to you…” (Al ‘Imrân 3:120).
11. The angels will salute the people of patience in Jannah:
“…and angels shall enter unto them from every gate (with the salutation of): ‘Peace unto you for that you persevered in patience! Now how excellent is the final Home!’ ” (ar-Ra‘d 13:24).
- “Verily, After Hardship Comes Ease” (islamicchamper.wordpress.com)
- Qur’ânic Reflections (islamicchamper.wordpress.com)
- Sabr ( Patience ) By Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah. (xeniagreekmuslimah.wordpress.com)